Types of Lung Cancer

Not all lung cancers are the same. As clinicians and researchers learn more about lung cancer, they have realised that it is not a single disease; rather it is a group of cancers, all of which affect the lungs in some way. Some are more common, while other subtypes are extremely rare. Your doctor will tell you which subtype of lung cancer your disease is – this can be relevant information in terms of what treatment they suggest for you.

There are two main types of lung cancer: non-small cell lung cancer, which accounts for about 80-85% of cases, and small cell lung cancer, which accounts for around 15%. Pleural mesothelioma is another type of cancer that can occur in the chest that is directly linked to asbestos exposure.

Scientist using microscope